|Into the 20th Century||Unit 5|
|Americans have always felt that art must be useful, and they have
rarely painted for the sheer joy of painting.
After the Civil War, American artists continued to travel to Europe for classical art education. This training followed the process established in the 1600s:
draw from plaster casts
draw from live models
compose several figures into a logical picture
"Salon Picture" (The Salon was established in 1737.)
These young artists moved back to the U.S., but they quickly discovered that the rich wanted to buy the "real thing" from Europe. So they started a group known as the "Younger Men." This group started a school known as the "Art Students League."At the turn of this century the art world was controlled by the academies:
Pennsylvania Academy (Phil.)
A. of Painting & Drawing (Cinn)
The accepted art of the day was mostly Victorian and sentimental : a pretty girl offering laurels to a victor or a landscape at sunset with the cows filing back to the barn.
During the first decades of this century, however, two new forces appeared: the Ash Can School (the Eight) and the abstract artists (centered around the "291").
Some of the information for this part of the unit came from the lecture notes for LIFE filmstrip "American Painting Part IV The Eight and the Moderninsts." Here is the bibliography for that work.
|The Younger Men
William M. Chase
Allen Street by Luks