"Isms" of the early 1900s Unit 6
Cubism focused on the abstract forms of subjects.  Two kinds of cubism were developed:

analytic - started with subject and broke it down into shapes

synthetic - started with shapes and built them into subjects


Synchromism - "with color" - was a general effort to extend color the theory of Seurat and the Neo-Impressionists (adjacent complementary colors influence one another; spectrum divided into harmonizing pairs and triads of colors corresponding to chords in music, provide tonal "key" for painting).

Dada followers were anti-war, anti-art, anti-materialism, anti-rationalism; they struggled with the unresolved feelings of Americans toward industrial revolution. Was man the master, slave or double of the machine?

If the public chose to take modern art as a scandal, give them more scandal.

They were known for their unconventional behavior; 1917 Independents' exhibition included a lecture by boxer Arthur Craven; Duchamp: "Wonderful lecture!"

They attracted a motley group of eccentrics - Baroness Elsa von Loringhoven dressed in rags, placed sardine cans on her head, suspended objects from her clothes on chains.

for more about Dada:

University of Iowa
DaDa Online

Futurism started in Italy; attempted to present aspects of modern mechanized society seen in moments of violently energetic movement; obsessed with movement and time

"We propose to sweep from the field of art all motifs and subjects that have already been exploited...to despise utterly every form of imitation...to extol every form of originality...to render and glorify the life of today, unceasingly and violently transformed by victorious science."

Futurism (Kim Scarborough)

Precisionism (Immaculates) turned to mechanical and industrial forms; their subjects simplified and stylized and they arranged objects in such a way as to emphasize their purity of line and structure.

They chose forms that were geometric to begin with: rectangles of windows and barns, cylinders of grain elevators, circular wheels and cogs of machinery were best suited to their aims.

Go to this page for sample quiz for Unit 6

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Pablo Picasso

Charles Demuth

Stanton Macdonald-Wright

Marcel Duchamp
Man Ray (check Unit 8)

Joseph Stella
link to more information

Charles Sheeler